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Cyclops Study Guide

Page history last edited by Marcus Leab 6 years, 9 months ago

NAME:__________________________

DATE:_______________PERIOD:____

 

            In this adventure, Odysseus describes his encounter with the Cyclops, Polyphemus, Poseidon’s one-eyed monster son. Polyphemus may represent the brute forces that any hero must overcome before he can reach home. To survive, Odysseus must rely on the special intelligence associated with his name. Odysseus is the cleverest of Greek heroes because he is guided by the goddess of wisdom, Athena.

            It is Odysseus’s famed curiosity that leads him to the Cyclops’s cave and that makes him insist on waiting on the barbaric giant.

 

1. Who is the “he” in line 221?_______________________________________________

 

2. Reread lines 256-261. What will happen if the Cyclops does not treat the guests well?

 

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3. Look at lines 273-276. Why does Odysseus lie about his ship? ___________________

 

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4. Locate one Homeric simile between lines 277-283.  Rewrite it below:

 

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5. How does Odysseus show both his bravery and his intelligence in lines 289-296? ________________________________________________________________________

 

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6. What prevents Odysseus and his men from leaving when the Cyclops goes out in the

 

morning? _______________________________________________________________

 

 

7. What do Odysseus and his men do with the olive tree the find in the cave? (before line

 

323)____________________________________________________________________

 

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8. Why do you think Odysseus offers the Cyclops wine? (before line 344)

 

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9. In lines 360-361 Odysseus gives the Cyclops a fake name.  What word does the name

 

      sound like?___________________________________________________________

 

10. Describe the actual attack on Polyphemus in lines 368-395.

 

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11. Reread lines 394-409. What happens when Polyphemus’s fellow Cyclopes come to

 

his aid? _________________________________________________________________

 

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12. What is Odysseus’s plan to get himself and his men out of the cave without the Cyclops knowing? (before line 440)

 

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13. Odysseus’s men speak for the first time in lines 494-499. What was their reaction to

 

      their captain’s behavior? ________________________________________________

 

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14. Who does the Cyclops pray to for vengeance? _______________________________

 

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